Discounting of Bills
When the bill is taken to a bank and the necessary
cash is received, the act is known as discounting. The bank will always deduct
a small sum depending upon the rate of interest and the period of maturity.
Maturity of a promissory note or bill of
exchange: "The maturity of a promissory note or bill of exchange is
the date at which it falls due." A promissory note or a bill of exchange
may be payable:-
a) On demand; or
b) On a specified date, or
c) After a specified period.
In the first case amount is payable on the instrument, when the demand is made.
In the second case, payment can be claimed on a specified date. In the third
case, date of maturity has to be calculated. Every instrument, payable
otherwise than 'on demand' is entitled to three days of grace.
The following instruments are not
entitled to 'days of grace'.
(a) A cheque
(b) A bill or note payable 'at sight' or on presentment' or 'on demand',
(c) A bill or note in which no time is mentioned.
The following instruments are entitled
to 'days of grace':
(a) A bill or note payable on a specified day,
(b) A bill or note payable 'after sight,
(c) A bill or note payable at a certain period after date,
(d) A bill or note payable at a certain period after the happening of a certain
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